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Everything you ever wanted to know about travelling with liquids

liquids in luggage

There can be a lot of confusion and misconceptions when it comes to liquids in luggage. Understanding exactly what is allowed into luggage and just how much can be the difference between a smooth ride through security and having to depart with your beloved (and expensive) toiletries.

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Being that person who holds up the queue while a bad-tempered security official and 100 agitated travellers glare at you is no fun. And it is certainly no fun having to toss out bottles of Absinthe because you didn’t realise there were restrictions on how much high-volume alcohol can be put into checked luggage.

Fortunately, this guide to liquids in luggage will answer all your questions so you will never have to experience that kind of emotional trauma.

Note: Every airport has its own rules when it comes to liquids in luggage. Some airlines are also more heavily regulated than others and have their own particular guidelines about what it will and will not allow on flights. You should check these beforehand.

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How much liquid is allowed in hand luggage?

Travellers are only allowed to bring small quantities of liquids in individual containers with a maximum capacity of 100 ml each. These containers need to be packed in a durable, transparent, resealable plastic bag (e.g. a Ziploc freezer bag) that is no more than 20cm x 20cm in size and no more than 1 litre in capacity.

A simple way to remember this is the 3-1-1 rule:

3 – (3 ounces, or in this case, 100 millilitres)

1 – (one plastic bag with a capacity of 1 litre)

1 – (one bag per passenger)

Note: You can bring as many small containers as you want as long as they fit into the resealable plastic bag.

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Is there a limit to the amount of liquids in checked luggage?

Apart from high-volume alcohol, there is no limit to the amount of liquids that are allowed in checked luggage. However, you will need to take certain precautions.

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What is considered liquid?

Any substance with a fluid, free-flowing or ‘gooey’ consistency is considered liquid. This applies to items such as aerosols, creams, pastes, and gels.

In the words of Airports Company South Africa, “LAG stands for Liquids, Aerosols and Gels. If you can POUR it, PUMP it, SQUEEZE it, SPREAD it, SMEAR it, SPRAY it or SPILL it, it is considered a LAG.”

Examples of liquids, aerosols, and gels include:

Liquids Aerosols Gels






Sauces (e.g. salsa, gravy etc.)



Salad dressing

Soft drinks


Bottled water

Canned food with high liquid content (e.g.  sardines, tuna etc.)


Liquor (e.g. wine, beer etc.)



Sunscreen spray

Shaving cream


Hairstyling gels




Peanut butter

Cheese spread

Soft cheese (e.g. brie, camembert etc.)


Shaving gel


Gel-filled tablets (e.g. fish oil tablets)

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What items are exempt?

Certain items can exceed 100ml and do not have to be packed into a sealed bag.

Items that are exempt from this rule include:

Note: These items will need to be declared for inspection at the security checkpoint. You may also need to provide a doctor’s letter for certain medications.

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What items are not allowed in luggage?

You can find a comprehensive list of prohibited items here.

Can you put alcohol in luggage?

Yes, but there are certain limitations. Alcohol in carry-on luggage is subject to the 3-1-1 rule, while the amount of alcohol you can pack in checked luggage depends on three things:

Remember, luggage is tossed onto conveyor belts, trucks, and planes, so be careful when putting glass bottles in your luggage.

Note: Every country has its own rules regarding alcohol. The amount of liquor you are allowed to pack can vary from country to country and from airline to airline.

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What about duty-free items?

The rules on duty-free items can be a bit more complicated. If you plan to take things home with you, you will need to consider connecting flights and airline policies regarding duty-free items and liquids in luggage.

These items can generally be taken through checkpoints if they are sealed in the ICAO tamper-evident bag that is provided at the time of purchase (be sure to ask for one of these). If the seal is broken or any items are removed they may be subject to liquid restrictions.

However, this is not the case with all countries (e.g. Japan does not accept the tamper-evident bag so items will need to be bought when you arrive in the country).

mor_atias_artist via Instagram

Although most international destinations accept duty-free items that are sealed and have proof of purchase, it is better to wait until the last leg of your journey to buy duty-free items to avoid any complications.

It is advisable to contact the airline you will be travelling with to find out about regulations in the countries you will be transiting through.

Tip: If you buy duty-free items while transiting through another country and have to claim your luggage, pack these items into your checked luggage before rechecking it for your connecting flight.

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Some handy tips

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Basically, when it comes to travelling with liquids there are several things to remember:

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Had any particularly memorable or harrowing experiences with liquids in luggage? Maybe you know some tricks and hacks that we don’t? Share them in the comments section below!

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All information on this page was correct at the time of publishing and may change at any time without prior notice. Travelstart will not be held liable for loss or inconvenience resulting from the use of information from this website.

Featured image: vegan_to_zero via Instagram

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